02 February 2013

Offerings made to African goddess on the beaches of Uruguay


Some friends told me that each year on the night of February 2nd people gathered on the beach in Punta del Este (as well as other beaches in Uruguay) to make offerings to an African goddess known as Yemanjá.

 Punta has a large variety of special events held on the beach including runway modeling, concerts, and sporting events, but for some reason this bit of information about making offerings to an African goddess bent my paradigm about Uruguay. So, I went to the beach to investigate.

What I saw on the beach were lots of candles set in shallow holes in the sand or covered by plastic drink bottles with the bottoms cut off to shield their flame from the wind. Besides the candles, there were a few people performing rituals, playing drums, and making offerings of flowers and food.

Followers of Yemanjá setting out offerings on the night of February 2nd
I learned that the ritual also occurs in Montevideo. Karin Ledl describes the typical scene at Montevideo's Ramirez Beach on the night of February second, "People come out wearing white flowing dresses and blue scarves are floating in the evening breeze. Men and women come to the beach carrying white flowers, lavender perfume, and white candles."

 So,why are offerings being presented to an African goddess in Uruguay?” As it turns out, Yemanjá is one of seven deities of an African pantheon who came to America via the African slave trade and became incorporated in the spiritual practices of African Americans in Brazil, Haiti, Cuba, and New Orleans. From there the Brazilian tradition migrated to Uruguay.

Karin Ledl explains, "This African rooted cult was brought over in the slave ships that populated the southern Atlantic from the 17th century on. It is locally known as Umbanda, a version of the Vodoo, and it has a surprisingly vast crowd of followers.

 "Because the cult was persecuted in the beginning, the African slaves disguised their gods and goddesses under the names of the Christian Saints. That is why Yemanjá is represented as the Virgin Mary, particularly as the Virgin of the Candelaria, venerated by sailors and fishers. She is the goddess of the sea, her symbols, the conchs and sea stars.

"She can be very caring, a mother full of love for her children, but she can also be moody and irate. Just like the ocean changes suddenly, so her humor can change as well and then the worshiper has to appease her with gifts and offerings as soon as possible.

"On February 2nd the greatest offerings are made and, depending upon the reception of these gifts by the ocean, the luck for the next year is determined. If the ocean is calm and welcoming on that evening, the year will be a good one. On the other side, beware if there is bad weather. Lets hope for a nice summer evening tonight then!"


Offerings set on a Uruguayan beach for Yemanjá

Yemanjá is also known as,Iemanjá or Janaína in Brazil, where she is observed by the Candomblé and Umbanda religions. (In New Orleans Voodoo the goddess is known as Yemalla or Yemana.)

5 comments:

Anonymous said...

One of the 2 fastest growing religion is that of the afro-brazilian religions, and the practicioners sometimes say to be catholics but practice those sincretic spiritis cults of Umbanda, Kimbanda,Nacion, Candomble.

I am not from that religion ,but it can be interesting to see their rituals in the "terreiros" (houses that function as temples),

Most "pais de santo" or "mai de santo" practice at least 2 of those branches, and KImbanda is the darker side, they dress very elegantly, almost like vampires, and have ritual at night, usually on fridays.They say that they incorpore spirits, and sing, drum ,dance, and sometimes tipical afro-brazilian food is offered

There is even a monument to Iemanja in Parque Rodo, montevide, near the casino, and ,one block from there, another monument to Confucius.

I am agnostic, I dont believe in religions, but I have gone to see some kimbanda, is interesting,but was kind of frightened by it

FABIAN

David Hammond said...

Thank you very much for sharing your perspective.

isrel said...

This is really disappointing. Westerners are always fascinated by foreign culture and belief systems and that's okay,
As an African in Europe I know what this is; Pure Evil!

David Hammond said...

Isrel, You are right, many westerners are fascinated by cultural differences. Thanks for your perspective - I will heed it as a warning.

cet7 said...

It really saddens but also amuses me when I see an African disparage their traditions and its spread around the world. Instead, they uphold that of the foreigners who whipped, raped, sold and brainwashed them with no thought as to how strange it is. How hilarious it would be to the colonial masters to see that their colonies still exist after hundreds of years in the minds of their servants who claim to be free but are everywhere in chains. Do not heed the words of isrel and other 'domesticated' Africans like him, feel free to truly explore and learn about African cultures and traditions wherever you see them with an open mind as it will give you an insight into the survival of African people's into this day and age, their heavy influence in The Americas and even shed light onto aspects of your own culture and traditions.